Press Release 15/05/2019
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS. 2017
Employment in companies in the Construction sector of the Basque Country was up 0.5% in 2017
Electrical Installations, Plumbing and Other Installations accounted for 31.4% of employment and 25.7% of gross value added for the construction sector
Employment in companies in the Construction sector of the Basque Country rose by 0.5% in 2017, according to Eustat data. In absolute figures, this is a gain of just over 300 net jobs compared to the previous year, reaching a figure of 58,856 jobs in the Construction sector of the Basque Country in 2017.
The provincial performance was very similar in Álava and Gipuzkoa, where employment was up 1.4% and 1.2%, respectively, whereas in Bizkaia the year-on-year balance remained practically unchanged, down 0.1%.
This moderate growth results from an uneven performance according to establishment size. The greatest increase was registered in the stratum for companies with 50 to 99 employees, both in absolute figures (664 more jobs), and in relative terms, up 23.4%. There were also positive balances, although to a lesser degree, in the strata for companies with 1 to 19 employees (1.8%) and 20 to 49 employees (0.6%). On the other hand, large establishments, those with 100 or more employees saw a loss of 1,188 jobs between 2016 and 2017, which in relative figures is a 28.9% decrease in the number of people employed in this stratum.
The positive trend in employment in 2017 meant a stabilisation of the sector, which over the past three years had maintained around 59,000 jobs. This marked the end of a six year period that began in 2009 in which negative year-on-year rates were the norm. However, this is still a long way from the maximum figure achieved in 2008, with almost 104,000 jobs.
In 2017, the net turnover figure for companies in the Construction sector of the Basque Country as a whole fell by 0.4%. Although this represented a further decrease in a series that has already accumulated nine years of downturns, there has been a clear deceleration in the fall of sales in the last three years.
By province, the increases in sales in establishments located in Álava, which were up 0.8%, and in Gipuzkoa, up 1.8%, were not enough to compensate for the 2% decrease that corresponded to establishments in Bizkaia.
As occurred with employment, the greatest losses were registered in the stratum of larger companies, those with 100 or more employees. Compared to the previous year, sales in this stratum were down 31.4%. At the same time, turnover of companies with 20 to 49 employees reduced by 3.9%, whereas in companies with 50 to 99 employees it rose by 20.6%, and in those with less than 20 employees it was up 2.1%.
An analysis by size and turnover of establishments in the Construction sector reveals that companies with up to 19 employees accounted for 76.4% of the total number of people employed in construction, and generated 70.6% of the total turnover. Companies with 20 to 49 employees accounted for 12.7% of jobs, and 14.5% of the total turnover. The next stratum, companies with 50 to 99 employees, accounted for 8.9% of turnover and 5.9% of employed people. Finally, companies with 100 or more employees generated 6% of total turnover and provided employment to 5% of people in the sector.
For its part, personnel costs rose for the first time since 2009, by 1.1% in the Basque Country, with increases of 3.4% in Gipuzkoa and 2.4% in Álava, but they were down 0.6% in Bizkaia.
Finally, if we analyse the distribution of people employed and the generation of value added at factor cost according to the different activity groups within construction, then it is worth mentioning that Electrical Installations, Plumbing and Other Installations accounted for 31.4% of employment and generated 25.8% of the total value added. If we add to this the figures for employment in Building Construction (18.9% of the total) and the value added generated (22.5%), this accounts for almost half of the value added at factor cost and total employment in the construction sector.
Among the remaining activity groups with greatest weight in employment, the following groups stand out: Finishing Works, with 25% of jobs and 16% of value added of the sector total, and particularly Property Development. This group accounted for only 4.2% of total employment, but generated 14.7% of the total gross value added for the construction sector. This activity group therefore registered the highest productivity per person, with almost 173,000 euros on average, whereas this figure stood at 60,000 per person in Building Construction, 41,000 in Electrical Installations, Plumbing and Other Installations, and 32,000 in the case of Finishing Works.
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
Press Service: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 945 01 75 62