Press release 15/03/2019


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In the academic year 2017-18 there were 2,080 fewer enrolments in Infant Education in the Basque Country due to the fall in the population aged 0-5.

In Infant, Primary and Secondary education four out of ten foreign students were enrolled in public centres in model A

There were 419,578 students enrolled in non-university education in the Basque Country over the 2017-18 academic year, which signified a decrease of 0.2% with respect to the previous academic year, according to data prepared by Eustat. Of particular note in General Education is the 2.3% drop in Infant Education enrolments, which is due to the fall in the population aged 0-5.

93% of students took General Education courses, which saw an increase of 0.3%, while the remaining 7% were enrolled in Specialised Education, which fell by 5.6%.

By province, half of all students in General Education studied in Bizkaia, 34% in Gipuzkoa and 16% in Álava. In the case of Specialised Education, Languages and Music were fairly evenly distributed across the three provinces, while Visual Arts and Design had a greater presence in Álava, as did Dance, whereas Drama and Sports Education are only taught in Bizkaia.


In General Education, students were distributed equally between public and private centres, except for Intermediate Level Professional Training (60% in public centres) and Adult Education (almost all in public centres); in contrast, Basic Vocational Training was concentrated in private centres (72%).

Compared to the previous academic year, Basic Vocational Training posted a rise of 5%, followed by Specialised Education (2.9%) and Compulsory Secondary Education and Advanced Level Vocational Training (both with 2.3%). On the other hand, Adult Education was down 5%, as were Languages (-6%), Sports Education (-15%) and Music (-2%).

In General Education, there was only a decrease in enrolments in Infant Education, 2,080 fewer enrolments (-2.3%), as has been the case for the last five-year period, despite the enrolment rate remaining constant in both the First Stage of Infant Education (50%) and the Second Stage (100%).

The Basque Country is the leading Autonomous Region in terms of early schooling (children aged 0-2) with a rate of 54%, 18 points above the average

Compared to other Autonomous Regions, young children in the Basque Country come into contact with schools at an earlier age. In fact, by the age of two, 94% of children are already enrolled in school, surpassing Madrid, in second place, by 23 points and the Spanish average by 35 points. In turn, enrolment rates at the ages of 0 and 1 are also above the Spanish average, by 8 percentage points.


Higher proportions of foreign students in Basic Vocational Training and Intermediate-Level Vocational Training Programmes

In the academic year 2017-18 there were 36,410 foreign student enrolments, which accounted for 8.7% of the total; 95% enrolled in some stage of General Education, up 1% compared to the previous academic year.

Foreign students were concentrated in Basic Vocational Training (27%) and Intermediate Level Vocational Training Programmes (12%). In Infant and Primary Education and Advanced Level Vocational Training the proportion was very similar (around 8%), whereas there were fewer foreign students in Compulsory Secondary Education and Upper Secondary Education (under 6%).


In Infant Education and compulsory education four out of ten foreign students were enrolled in public centres in model A

Foreign students were mainly concentrated in publically owned centres, 10%, whereas privately owned centres accounted for 5%. There were noticeable differences in respect of the linguistic model: in public centres model A enrolments accounted for 20%, model B 21% and model D 8%, whereas in private centres they represented 10%, 5% and 3%, respectively.

Of note is the proportion of foreign students in Model A in Infant, Primary and Compulsory Secondary Education, with 40% in each case. This proportion was repeated, albeit to a lesser extent, in Model B, with 30%, 25% and 22%, respectively

65% of young people aged 16 chose a more academic path compared to 4% who opted for a vocational route

In the 2017-18 academic year there were 30,398 enrolments in Upper Secondary Education, compared to 14,520 in Intermediate Level Vocational Training.

From a gender perspective, whilst there was a greater proportion of girls (aged 16 and 17) in Upper Secondary Education (16 more points), the opposite occurred in Vocational Training (7 points less).


For further information: Euskal Estatistika-Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: Tel: 945 01 75 62  

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In the academic year 2017-18 there were 2,080 fewer enrolments in Infant Education in the Basque Country due to the fall in the population aged 0-5.

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