Press Release 19/10/2018
SURVEY ON POPULATION IN RELATION TO ACTIVITY. III/2018
The unemployment rate dropped to 9.5%, and the employment rate was down 0.1% in the third quarter of 2018 in the Basque Country
The unemployment rate fell from 11.6% to 9.5% in the last year
The data from the labour market in the Basque Country from the third quarter of 2018 showed that there were 938,900 people in work, which was a decrease of 1,400 compared with the previous quarter (-0.1%), according to Eustat data. On the other hand, the unemployment rate of the Basque Country stood at 9.5%, 0.6 percentage points down on the second quarter of 2018.
As a result of the change in the working and unemployed population, the activity rate was 56.4% in the third quarter of 2018, 0.6 percentage points below that of the previous quarter.
By province, Bizkaia experienced the biggest drop in employment, with 2,400 fewer people in work, followed by Álava (-200), whilst in Gipuzkoa employment increased by 1,100. With regards to the capitals, Bilbao had the greatest decrease in employment, with 2,600 fewer people in work; followed by San Sebastián, with a drop of 500, whilst in Vitoria-Gasteiz employment fell by 100.
As far as gender was concerned, the fall in employment affected women, with 4,800 fewer in work than in the previous quarter, whilst the number of men in work increased by 3,400.
The number of people employed in the primary sector and industry increased
The employed population in the Basque Country fell by 1,900 in the construction sector and by 1,100 in the services sector, while primary sector employment was up by 500 and industry employment by 1,100.
The employment rate, calculated as the percentage of people in work aged 16 to 64 over the total for these ages, remained stable compared to the previous quarter, standing at 68.3%. This figure reached 72.7% for men and 64% for women.
By province, Gipuzkoa had the highest employment rate, at 70%, an increase of 0.2 percentage points compared to the previous quarter. Álava came second with 69.6% and a decrease of 0.2 points, and in Bizkaia, the employment rate fell by 0.1 percentage points to stand at 66.9%.
There was an increase in the number of households where all active individuals were employed and a fall in those where all active members were unemployed
In the third quarter of 2018 it was estimated that there were 885,400 households in the Basque Country, a third of which did not have any active individuals. In just over half of households, all of the active individuals were in work, 2,300 families more than the previous quarter; furthermore, households where all active individuals were unemployed stood at 33,300, 2,200 households fewer than in the previous quarter.
The unemployment rate dropped to 9.5% in the third quarter from 10.1% in the previous quarter
The unemployed population in the Basque country, that is, individuals who are available for work, actively making enquiries and seeking employment, was estimated to be 98,700 in the third quarter of the year, 7,500 down on the previous quarter. The number of unemployed men, 47,000, was down by 4,700, whilst the number of unemployed women fell by 2,800, reaching a total of 51,700 for the quarter.
The data for the third quarter of 2018 revealed an unemployment rate of 9.5%, 0.6 percentage points down on the previous quarter. The male unemployment rate stood at 8.6% (0.9 percentage points down) and the female rate was down 0.4 points, reaching 10.5%. The youth unemployment rate continued to be the highest, standing at 20.2%, although it decreased by 0.5 percentage points compared to the previous quarter.
By province, the greatest decrease in the number of people out of work was in Bizkaia (-4,700 individuals) where the unemployment rate stood at 10.8%, 0.8 percentage points down on the previous quarter. In Gipuzkoa, with 24,400 people out of work, the number of unemployed fell by 1,600 and the unemployment rate decreased by 0.5 points to 7.2%. In Álava, there were 1,200 fewer unemployed people than the previous quarter and the unemployment rate was down 0.6 percentage points (9.9%).
As for the capitals, the highest fall in unemployment was in Vitoria-Gasteiz, with 1,500 fewer people out of work, followed by San Sebastián (-200), whilst in Bilbao the unemployed population grew by 700.
According to EUROSTAT, the Statistical Office of the European Union, in August 2018 the unemployment rate of the European Union-28 stood at 6.8% and that of Spain stood at 15.2%.
In the last year, the number of employed people increased by 21,000 and the unemployment rate dropped from 11.6% to 9.5%.
The employed population in the Basque Country grew by 21,700 people in relation to the third quarter of 2017, an increase of 2.4%. There are 11,400 more employed women and 10,300 more employed men.
The unemployment rate was down by 2.1 percentage points (from 11.6% to 9.5%), with 21,700 fewer individuals unemployed in the Basque Country compared to the data from the third quarter of 2017.
98.7% of average registered workers were in work, according to ILO criteria
It is estimated that there were 864,300 registered workers for the quarter on average in the Basque Country, i.e. the number of individuals residing in the Basque Country who were registered for Social Security at the time of the survey. Of those, the PRA estimates that 98.7% were employed, according to criteria from the International Labour Organisation (ILO), a total of 853,000 individuals.
Amongst those employed according to ILO criteria in the PRA, 78,200 people, 8.3%, were not registered in the Social Security system, either because they did not work for companies based in the Basque Country, or they belonged to public mutual societies for civil servants, or are in other situations.
29.8% of those unemployed were not registered as unemployed with the Basque Employment Institute (Lanbide)
It is estimated that there was a quarterly average of 105,300 unemployed individuals registered with Lanbide, i.e. individuals residing in the Basque Country who were registered in Lanbide at the time of the survey in any one of the categories designated for registered unemployment. Of those, 64.4% were unemployed according to the ILO definition (67,800 unemployed individuals). Of the individuals unemployed according to the ILO definition in the PRA, 29.8% were not registered as unemployed with Lanbide (29,400 individuals), even though they may be registered under other categories.
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
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