HomeThemesDwellingsPress releases The housing stock in...

Press Release 05/10/2018


Share facebook Share twitter Share email pdf Product list

The housing stock in the Basque Country grew at a rate of 5,848 units per year between 2011 and 2016

There was an increase in the proportion of dwellings occupied by one or two people

The housing stock in the Basque Country stood at 1,049,370 on 01 November 2016, 2.9% more than on the same date in 2011, according to Eustat data. Over half of the homes were located in Bizkaia, 543,236, accounting for 51.8% of the total; Gipuzkoa, with 341,938 represented 32.6%, whilst the remaining 15.6%, 164,196, corresponded to Álava.


If these figures are compared to those of 2011, it can be seen that there are 29,239 more dwellings. Thus, in the five year period 2011-2016 the average annual increase was 5,848 dwellings, whereas between 2006 and 2011 it was 7,817 and between 2001 and 2006 the figure reached 20,486 more dwellings per year.

The trends varied in intensity between Provinces: Álava experienced the greatest increase in its housing stock compared to 2011, 4.9%, followed by Gipuzkoa, with 2.6% and Bizkaia, with 2.4%.

On a regional level, the inequalities are more significant, with four regions in Álava standing out in terms of growth over the last five years: Montaña Alavesa (9.9%), Rioja Alavesa (6%), Llanada Alavesa (5.1%) and Estribaciones del Gorbea (5%). At the other extreme, and with positive increases below the average (2.9%), were the regions Gran Bilbao (1.9%), Bajo Bidasoa (2%) and Urola Costa (2.1%).

Between 2011 and 2016 the housing stock increased in the three capitals, but to different degrees

Vitoria-Gasteiz was the provincial capital whose housing stock grew the most, with 5,797 more dwellings, which was an increase of 5.2% compared to 2011. The increase in San Sebastián was 2.4%, with 2,151 additional dwellings, and in Bilbao it was 1.7%, after adding 2,679 new dwellings.

In municipal terms, 158 municipalities experienced increases equal to or greater than 2% in their housing stock. Amongst these, twenty one had growth above 10%, of particular note were the cases of Baños de Ebro (53.5% more, going from 159 dwellings in 2011 to 244 in 2016), Ereño (26.4% more, from 125 to 158 dwellings) and Zalduondo (23.4 %, from 107 to 132 dwellings over the course of these five years), all of which are very small municipalities.

The percentage of dwellings used for habitual residence remained the same, over eight out of ten dwellings

Regarding use, 85% of family dwellings were used for habitual residence, whilst 15% were used as second homes or were empty. Compared to the figure from 2011, the percentage of primary dwellings hardly changed, with an increase of 0.6 percentage points.

Bizkaia had the lowest proportion of second or empty homes, 14.4% of the total, compared to 15.1% in Gipuzkoa and 17% in Álava.

By region, three regions in Álava stood out for the high percentage of second or empty homes: Montaña Alavesa (51.3%), Rioja Alavesa (47.8%) and Valles Alaveses (47.1%).

In almost half (119) of Basque municipalities, one in four dwellings is not considered the habitual residence of any person and in fifteen of them the proportion stands at or exceeds 50%, with the cases of Bakio (62.4%) and Sukarrieta (63.5%), situated on the Biscay coast, Añana (64.8%), and Labastida/Bastida (67.9%) and Leza (68,7), both in Rioja Alavesa, particularly standing out.

In the capitals the proportion of non-primary dwellings is far lower. The lowest was in Bilbao (11.2%) and the highest in San Sebastián (15.9%), with Vitoria-Gasteiz (11.6%) in an intermediate position.

The number of dwellings with a lift increased compared to 2011, reaching 71.6%, 2 out of three dwellings

The average age of the family housing stock in the Basque Country was 43.7, standing at 36.9 in Álava, 44.3 in Gipuzkoa and 45.4 in Bizkaia.

Regarding useable floor space, Álava presented the largest family dwellings with an average of 92 m2 of space, followed by Gipuzkoa with 86.8 m2 and Bizkaia with 85.7 m2, resulting in an average useable floor space of 87 m2 for the Basque Country overall.

In terms of the number of rooms, three quarters of Basque family dwellings had 4 or 5 rooms, that is, 3 bedrooms, living room and kitchen. They had, on average, 1.4 bathrooms. Practically all dwellings had a bathroom (99.3%).

Two out of three family dwellings had a lift in the building (71.6%), which represented an increase of 3.3 percentage points compared to 2011, the highest growth being in Bizkaia, 3.7 percentage points.

Finally, Lanestosa (17.4%), Añana (16.1%), Beizama (15.7%) and Belauntza (14.8%) were the municipalities with more employment in the construction sector.

The proportion of dwellings occupied by one or two people increased

In 2016 family dwellings were occupied by one person in 27.8% of cases and by two people in 29.7%, which was an increase of 3% in the number of dwellings occupied by one or two people compared to 2011. A mere 1.7% of homes were occupied by six people or more.

By province, Álava is of particular note for the number of single member households, 30.4%; two or three people reside in over half of the homes located in Bizkaia (52%); finally, in Gipuzkoa the group of dwellings occupied by 4 or 5 people (21.7%) stands out.

By regions, mention must be made of the proportion of single member households in Montaña Alavesa (43.7%) and Valles Alaveses (34.5%). In the regions of Gran Bilbao, Cantábrica Alavesa, Llanada Alavesa and Donostia/San Sebastián two people reside in one third of family dwellings. At the opposite extreme, the regions of Valles Alaveses (3.4%) and Rioja Alavesa (2.8%) had the highest percentages of dwellings occupied by six or more people, although the figures were quite low.

For further information:

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: servicioprensa@eustat.es Tel: 945 01 75 62

Product data
Product data

The housing stock in the Basque Country grew at a rate of 5,848 units per year between 2011 and 2016

Operation : 
Population and housing statistics
Código operación : 
Frequency : 
Timeframe : 
Last updated : 
Next update : 
Type of operation : 
Available formats : 
Licence : 
Creative Commons
Permalink : 
Body responsible : 

Other statistical products

Your feedback.  Help us to make our web better

How would you rate the information on the site?
Very useful
Barely useful
Not useful at all
Would you like to make a suggestion?
Yes, I would