Press Release 11/07/2018


Share facebook Share twitter Share email pdf Product list

Personnel employed in Trade and Repair grew by 1.5% in the Basque Country in 2016

The sector turned over 32,800 million euros, 1.9% more than a year ago.

The Trade and Repair sector employed 130,807 people in 2016, an increase of 1.5% compared to 2015, which was the highest employment growth in the sector for the last six years, according to EUSTAT data.

For the third consecutive year the sector showed year-on-year increases in turnover. In 2016 its turnover stood at 32,767 million euros, which is 1.9% more than the previous year. Furthermore, the three large activity branches that form part of this sector have performed positively in 2016, growing both in turnover and personnel volume.

The Sale and Repair of Vehicles division shows the most favourable evolution, with an increase in its turnover figure of 8.6%, and 2.4% in personnel. It accounted for 9.3% of total employment, the same percentage that corresponded to its turnover over that for the sector total. Within this division particularly noteworthy is the sale of motor vehiclesactivity group, which accounts for 61.1% of the turnover figure and 32.1% of employment in the division. This group improved its turnover by 12.5% and saw a 3.7% increase in its employment figure.


For its part, the division that includes Wholesale trade and trade intermediaries, with almost 50.9% of sector sales and 30.4% of employment, added a further 1.1% to its turnover figure and 1.3% to employed personnel. The groups with the greatest weight were Other Specialised Wholesale Trade and Food Products, Drinks and Tobacco, as between them they accounted for over 60% of the division, and provided 46% of total employment. However, where Food Products, Drinks and Tobacco improved its turnover and employment figures by 10.2% and 3.7%, respectively, these were negative for Other Specialised Wholesale Trade: 5.4% less turnover and 0.3% less employment.


Lastly, the Retail Trade sector, the most numerous in terms of personnel as it accounts for 60.3% of employment, turned over 39.9% of the total, increasing both its employment and its turnover figure by 1.5%. Within Retail Trade, the group that made the most significant contribution to turnover (33.9%) and employment (30.2%) was Retail Trade in Non-Specialised Establishments. In addition, it shows a noticeable progression both in terms of turnover (6.6% up on the previous year), and employment (5.6% up). The next biggest contributing group in this division was Retail Trade of Other Items in Specialised Establishments, which saw its turnover increase by 1.4% and its employment by 0.2%, reaching 24.5% of turnover and 28.3% of Retail Trade employment.

An analysis by establishment size of the Trade and Repairs Sector showed variations in the business structure compared to the previous year. Microenterprises (up to 9 employees) saw their weight decrease in both total employment and turnover; the 1% loss in employment compared to the previous year meant that their contribution to total employment in the Trade and Repair sector was limited to 59.8%, when a year ago it was 61.3%; their turnover, down 3.2%, stood at 47% of the sector’s sales, against 49.5% in 2015. This loss was absorbed by both small companies (with 10 to 49 employees), which saw growth of 3% in personnel and 4.1% in sales, and achieved 26.4% and 37.7% of personnel and turnover in the sector total, and, in particular, by medium and large companies (those with more than 50 employees), which increased their personnel by 10.6% and sales by up to 14.5%. Therefore, the contribution to the total by medium and large companies rose to represent 13.8% of employment and 15.3% of turnover, against 12.6% and 13.6% respectively a year ago.

From a wider perspective, in the last six years the total of commercial establishments has reduced by 4,000 establishments in the Basque country, which represented 9% of those that there were in 2010, accompanied by a 4.6% drop in employment for the same period. The reduction in the number of establishments occurred in the strata of those with least employment, the microenterprises, with up to 9 employees, which went from 42,861 to 38,878 establishments in six years, 9.3% fewer. There was also a decrease in the number of small establishments, with 10 to 49 employees, which went from 1,910 six years ago to 1,848 in 2016, 3.2% fewer. However, large establishments, those with 50 or more employees, increased by 13.5%, going from 133 in 2010 to 151 in 2016. In terms of employment, microenterprises had 1% fewer personnel and there was a 3% increase in personnel in small and medium companies and up to 10.6% more in large companies between 2010 and 2016.


By province, Gipuzkoa had the best annual performance in 2016 out of the three provinces, with a 3.1% increase in sales and a 2.2% rise in employment; for its part, Álava saw growth of 1.9% in sales and 0.9% in personnel, whereas in Bizkaia they increased by 1.2% and 1.3%, respectively, in both concepts. With these increases, 52.7% of the sector’s personnel were employed in the province of Bizkaia, 33.1% in Gipuzkoa and the remaining 14.2% in Álava. In the case of sales, Bizkaia had 51% of the total turnover, Gipuzkoa 33.2% and Álava 15.8%.

Finally, Retail Trade saw its trade margin on sales increase by three tenths in 2016, up to 28.8%, the margin for Wholesale Trade was up half a point on 2015, reaching 22.6%, whereas the margin for the division of Sale and Repair of Vehicles stood at 16.8%, following a drop of 1.4 percentage points.

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: Tel: 945 01 75 62 Further press releases on Trade and Repair

Product data
Product data

Personnel employed in Trade and Repair grew by 1.5% in the Basque Country in 2016

Operation : 
Survey on trade and repairs
Código operación : 
Frequency : 
Timeframe : 
Last updated : 
Next update : 
Type of operation : 
Encuesta por muestreo
Available formats : 
Licence : 
Creative Commons
Permalink :
Body responsible : 

Other statistical products


Microdata file

Codes and nomenclatures

Interactive graphs

Quality datasheets


Your feedback.  Help us to make our web better

How would you rate the information on the site?
Very useful
Barely useful
Not useful at all
Would you like to make a suggestion?
Yes, I would