Press Release 26/10/2017


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The Basque Country is at the same level as countries with high innovation according to the European Innovation Scoreboard EIS 2017

The most favourable dimensions are 'Human Resources', 'Attractive Research Systems' and 'Innovation Friendly Environment'

The European Innovation Scoreboard (EIS) 2017, stood at 0.48 in the Basque Country, remaining at two hundredths below the EU-28 average, which had a value of 0.50, according to Eustat data. This places the Basque Country at the level of the group of countries with high innovation, obtaining an average of more than 90%, specifically 95%, of the EU.

The component indicators of the EIS, the calculation formula and the most up-to-date data are continuously revised. Specifically, in 2017 the number of main blocks changed from three to four, 2 new dimensions were incorporated giving a total of 10 dimensions, and the total number of indicators stood at 27, of which 5 are new and another 5 are revised. This has involved the re-calculation of the complete series.

Graphic 1. European Innovation Scoreboard EIS 2017. Basque Country and EU-28

Graphic 1. European Innovation Scoreboard EIS 2017. Basque Country and EU-28
Source: Eustat and the European Commission

Source: Eustat and the European Commission

Note: The grey columns correspond to the values of the previous year, calculated according to EIS 2017

The EIS 2017 European Innovation Scoreboard, attempts to measure the extent to which countries' economies have the capacity to develop innovation activities. The EU-28 countries are grouped into four categories, according to the rating scored and their position in relation to the European average. In the first group, innovation leader countries, were those countries that scored a rating more than 120% of the average: they were Sweden (0.71), Denmark (0.67), Finland (0.65), the Netherlands (0.64), the United Kingdom (0.62) and Germany (0.61), although the country that was at the forefront of innovation in Europe was Switzerland (0.81).

In the second group, countries with high innovation, were those that achieved a rating of between 90% and 120% of the European average. In this case, in descending order, were Austria, Luxembourg, Belgium, Ireland, France and Slovenia, with scores between 0.60 and 0.48. The Basque Country, with a rating of 0.48, would be placed in this group, reaching 95% of the EU-28 average.

Following these, the third group, countries with moderate innovation (between 50% and 90% of the average) included Czech Republic, Portugal, Estonia, Lithuania, Spain, Malta, Italy, Cyprus and six other countries, with ratings between 0.42 and 0.27. Lastly, in the fourth group, countries with low innovation (under 50% of the average) were Bulgaria and Romania, obtaining 0.23 and 0.17 points respectively.

Table 1. Innovation Union Scoreboard IUS 2017. 4 Blocks and 10 Dimensions. Composed indexes
Source: Eustat -Panel of innovation indicators (EIS)- and European Commission

The EIS 2017 European Innovation Scoreboard is structured into four main blocks, with 10 dimensions, for a total of 27 indicators.

In relation to the European average, the Basque Country stood out in the first block ‘Framework Conditions’, which covers three innovation dimensions: ‘Human resources’, ‘Attractive Research Systems’ and ‘Innovation Friendly Environment’.

In Human Resources, a dimension that measures the availability of a highly qualified and trained workforce as key information for innovation, in the Basque Country all three indicators stood out with respect to the European average: the “New doctorate graduates aged 25-34” stood at 2.24 per thousand in the Basque Country, while in the EU-28 it was 1.85 per thousand; the percentage of the "Population aged 25-34 with tertiary education" stood at 53.8%, with the community average standing at 38.2%; and the "Percentage of the population aged 25 to 64 participating in lifelong learning", was 12.2% for the Autonomous Region and 10.8% for the EU-28.

‘Attractive Research Systems’, is a dimension that measures the international competitiveness of the scientific framework, which also includes three indicators. The Basque Country stood out compared to the EU-28 in all three. The number of "International scientific co-publications per million inhabitants" stood at 939 in the Basque Country compared to 494 in Europe, the percentage of "Scientific Publications most cited internationally" (excellent), 10.64% for the Basque Country and 10.56% for the EU-28 and "Foreign doctorate students as a percentage of all doctorate students", 30.24% in the Basque Country and 25.57% in the EU-28.

With regards to "Innovation Friendly Environment", which measures the implementation of high speed broadband networks and opportunity-driven entrepreneurship, the Basque Country stood out in "Broadband Penetration" with 25.5%, compared to 13.0% in the EU-28.

Graph 2. Dimensions of Innovation in the Basque Country and the EU-28. Innovation Union Scoreboard (EIS 2017)
Source: Eustat -Panel of innovation indicators (EIS)- and European Commission

There is another dimension, "Firm Investments", where the Basque Country and the EU-28 obtain the same figure. It includes three indicators, "Private spending on R&D as a percentage over GDP" with 1.39% in the Basque Country and a European average of 1.30%, "Non-R&D innovation expenditure as a percentage of turnover" with 0.51% in the Autonomous Community and 0.76% in the EU-28 and "Enterprises providing training to develop or upgrade ICT skills of their personnel", which was 25.24% in the Basque Country and 22.0% in Europe.

Two of the three indicators in "Innovators" also stand out. In the indicators "SMEs with product or process innovations as a percentage of SMEs" and "SMEs innovating in-house as a percentage of SMEs", the Basque Country obtained better results; 33.31% compared to 30.90% in the EU-28 for the first indicator and 31.11% compared to 28.77% in the second. In the third indicator of this dimension "SMEs with marketing or organisational innovations as a percentage of SMEs", in the Basque Country there are 20.85% and in the EU-28 there are 34.89%.

In the remaining dimensions, "Finance & Support", "Linkages", "Intellectual Assets", "Employment Impacts" and "Sales Impacts", the scores obtained are lower than the European average.

European Innovation Scoreboard, EIS 2017

For further information:

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Instituto Vasco de Estadística C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: Tlf: 945 01 75 62

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The Basque Country is at the same level as countries with high innovation according to the European Innovation Scoreboard EIS 2017

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