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Press release 11/10/2017


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The Basque Country has one of the highest Human Development Index scores in the world

It is situated in the group of top fifteen countries, according to the Human Development Index (HDI) ranking of 188 countries

The Human Development Index (HDI) for the Basque Country situates Basque society amongst the most developed societies on the planet according to data prepared by Eustat, which calculated the Basque Country's HDI for the period of 2010-2015 using the methodology of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

The most recent report published by the UNDP, containing data referring to 2015, established a global ranking of 188 countries by living conditions. The study allocated a HDI to each country (on a scale of 0 to 1) according to life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling for children at school age, mean years of schooling for adults aged 25 or above and lastly Gross National Income per capita.

The Basque Country had an HDI of 0.916 in 2015, situating it between 12th and 13th place in the country rankings, behind Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Singapore, the Netherlands, Ireland, Iceland, Canada, the United States and Hong Kong. Spain was in 27th position in the UN report with an HDI of 0.884. The Central African Republic was in last place with an HDI of 0.352.


Compared to 2014, the Basque Country has been overtaken by five countries: Singapore, Iceland, Canada, the United States and Hong Kong, although with minimal differences (from 1 to 7 thousandths)

In terms of the period 2010-2015, all the components of the HDI improved although in 2015 there was a slight fall in life expectancy, from 83.3 to 83 years, and expected years of schooling, from 18.8 to 18.6 years. Even so, the Basque Country was amongst the countries at the top of the list for both indicators, behind Hong Kong (84.2), Japan (83.7), Italy (83.3), Singapore (83.2) and Switzerland (83.1), in terms of life expectancy, and behind Australia (20.4), New Zealand and Denmark (19.2) and Iceland (19), in terms of expected years of schooling.

With respect to the mean years of schooling for adults aged 25 and over, although this also increased in the aforementioned period, from 10.2 to 10.8 years, the Basque Country was overtaken by 39 countries, led by Switzerland (13.4), the United Kingdom (13.3) and the United States, Germany and Australia, all three with a mean of 13.2 years.

Between 2010 and 2015 the Gross National Income per capita in the Basque Country increased from 43,207 to 44,252 US dollars, as measured in terms of purchasing power parity, putting it a long way behind Norway (67,614) and Qatar (129,916), the country with the highest income per person in the world, but immediately behind Germany (45,000) and Denmark (44,519).

For further information:

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Instituto Vasco de Estadística C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: servicioprensa@eustat.eus Tlf: 945 01 75 62

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The Basque Country has one of the highest Human Development Index scores in the world

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