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Press release 26/02/2016


Unpaid household production in the Basque Country accounted for 32.4% of GDP in 2013

This percentage fell by around 14 percentage points during the last twenty years

The value of household production in the Basque Country increased to 21,342 million euros in 2013, which constituted 32.4% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for that year according to Eustat data.

EUSTAT has compiled the fifth Household Production Satellite Account, and the basic objective of this account is to create an overall picture of the productive activities that households carry out, and to estimate the economic value of these activities. In the majority of cases, this economic value is not recorded in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimates. The main productive activities are: provision of accommodation, care and education, provision of food and clothing-related tasks.



An analysis of the data from these twenty years reveals in particular the percentage decrease in how much the value of unpaid household production contributes to GDP. It went from 46.2% in 1993 to 32.4% in 2013, even though the minimum proportion in the series was in 2008, which then increased again at the end of the period between 2008 and 2013. Once again, this clearly demonstrates the countercyclical trend in household production, which increases in times of crisis due to the fact that resources are transferred from the market economy to unpaid domestic production. This has meant that production that was in demand on the market during times of expansion in previous years shifts to the household.

In 2013, there were no major differences in the distribution by function compared with 2008. More specifically, the functions that made up the largest proportion of the total in 2013 were Provision of Food (43.3%) and Accommodation (31.2%), followed by Provision of Care and Education (17.7%), and lastly, Clothes and Others (7.9%).


In terms of the gender distribution for the value of household production, the increase in male participation is of particular note, which increased by about five percentage points over the last five years, going from 28.6% in 2008 to 33.3% in 2013. By function, it is Housing (37.6%) and Provision of Food (35.7%) where we see the greatest rate of male participation in 2013, closely followed by the function of Care and Education (31.2%), while the lowest rate of male participation is in Provision of Clothes and Others (16.9%).


In the long-term, the changes that have taken place over the last 20 years have shown that, even though the rate of male participation in household production has fallen by nearly 13 points, the percentage of work done by women has actually doubled compared with the total for 2013.


The distribution by province of unpaid Household Production is in line with the population of that province, i.e. Álava generates 14.8% of household production, Bizarre 54.4% and Gipuzkoa the remaining 30.8%.

The distribution of household production between the genders is in fact similar in the three provinces, though male participation in Álava is over two percentage points higher than the average for the Basque Country.

The only comparison we can make based on this period with other economies is with Switzerland, where household production accounted for 37% of GDP in 2013, with women doing 62% of it. More distant comparisons would be France and Spain in 2010, where household production comprised 36% and 41% of the GDP respectively.

For further information:

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Instituto Vasco de Estadística
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
Press Service: Tel: 945 01 75 62
Further press releases on the Household production satellite account for the Basque Country
Databank on the Household production satellite account for the Basque Country

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