Press Release 17/06/2015


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University enrollments increased by 1% in the 2013/14 academic year

15% of students enrolled in postgraduate courses, 14% up on the previous academic year

In the 2013/14 academic year, 68,193 people enrolled in universities in the Basque Country, 1% more than the previous year, according to data provided by Eustat. This academic year is the fourth consecutive year of increases in enrollments, following 15 years of decline.

The new degrees under the Bologna plan have meant a 17% increase in undergraduate degrees with respect to the previous year, but also, on the other hand, a fall in the number of first and second cycle degrees from the previous plan (-51%).

If both study plans are taken into account, there were a total of 59,489 students this academic year, a similar figure to that of the previous academic year (-0.7%), who accounted for 85% of students. The remaining 15% enrolled in postgraduate studies: Master and Doctorate programmes. The numbers rose in both cases: by 12% in Masters and 15% in Doctorates, which meant a general upturn in enrollment numbers.

Regarding distribution between provinces, 57% studied in Bizkaia, 30% in Gipuzkoa and 13% in Álava.

Students enrolled in universities of the Basque Country by education level. 2013/14 academic year
Source: Eustat. University statistics

Higher education primarily took place in public universities, where eight out of ten students studied. This proportion was similar at all levels of education, except for official masters, where 41% of students opted for studying in private centres.

Women still make up a majority in university classrooms (53%)

Women accounted for the majority of the university population, with a six percentage points difference compared to men. This pattern appeared in the majority of education levels: In Masters and Doctorates women accounted for 54%, in four-year degrees, 53%, whilst in first and second cycle studies they represented 48%.

Regarding the choice of qualification in undergraduate degrees, the ranking for enrollments was as follows: Business Management and Administration (5,405), Primary Education (3,561), Law (3,049), Psychology (2,472), Mechanical Engineering (2,375), Infant Education (2,084), Industrial Technology Engineering (1,642), Nursing (1,500), Business Management(1,345), Medicine (1,285) and Social Education (1,244).

Students mostly graduated in the branches of the Social and Legal Sciences and in Engineering and Architecture

In the 2013/2014 academic year, a total of 13,919 young people graduated, which was an increase of 7% with regards to the previous academic year. 55% of them were women. By level of education, 6,673 received a four year degree, 4,084 a diploma, five-year degree, or degree in engineering or advanced or technical architecture, 2,662 an official Masters and 500 had their doctoral thesis approved.

Students enrolled in universities of the Basque Country by sex according to branch of study (%). 2013/2014 academic year
Source: Eustat. University statistics

Half of university students in the Basque Country graduated from studies in the branch of Social and Legal Sciences, followed by Engineering and Architecture (29%); figures were lower for Health sciences and Arts and Humanities, at 10% and 7% respectively; and the Sciences were at the bottom of the list, making up only 5% of the total.

Gender differences were apparent in the choice of the branch of study, with a majority of women (56%) preferring those programmes that belong to the Social and Legal Sciences, compared to Engineering, in which 16% of them graduated. By contrast, 85% of men were divided more equally between Engineering and Architecture (46%) and Social and Legal Sciences (39%).

Women continued to have a very significant presence in the study of Health sciences (14%) compared to men (4%). In Arts and Humanities and in the Sciences, the branches with the lowest numbers of graduates, there was less of a gap, with a two and one percentage point of difference between the sexes, respectively.

98% of young people passed the university entrance exams in 2014 with an overall average mark of 7

Of the 10,700 people who sat the university entrance exams, just over one hundred of them failed. Students in Álava registered the best results, with a 99.4% pass rate, followed by Gipuzkoa, 98.6%, and Bizkaia, 97.4%.

The proportion of passes was slightly higher among women (98.5%) than among men (97.8%). Moreover, the average mark of women (7.1) was above the notable grade, whilst the male average fell short (6.8).

Private centres had a slightly better pass rate (98.4%) than public centres (97.8%), although there were no differences in the average mark obtained, which in both cases was notable.

Of those who passed the university entrance exams, the degrees most often chosen by men were Business Management and Administration, Mechanical Engineering, Primary Education, Industrial Technology Engineering and Physical Activity and Sports Sciences; on the other hand, women were inclined towards Business Management and Administration, Medicine, Primary Education, Nursing and Infant Education. In both cases, these studies represented one third of enrollments.

For further information:

Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Instituto Vasco de Estadística C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service: Tlf: 945 01 75 62 Further press releases on university statistics of the Basque Country Database on university statistics of the Basque Country

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