Press Release 31/05/2013
In 2011 expenditure per inhabitant on education stood at 1671 euros in the Basque Country
Total expenditure was 3,658 million, or 5.5% of GDP
In 2011 expenditure per inhabitant on education stood at 1671 euros in the Basque Country, 0.6% more than two years previously, according to Eustat data. Expenditure on education has grown to an accumulative annual rate of 5.5% over the course of the last ten years. As a percentage of GDP, it represented 5.5% of the wealth generated.
In 2011, although 1.7% of positive growth in expenditure was posted with respect to 2009, it slowed down in relation to previous periods, due to the negative evolution of investment which fell by 13.9% compared to 2009, a year that enjoyed strong growth alongside a moderate increase in current expenditure of 3.1%. Total expenditure was distributed into 3,407 million euros in current expenditure (93%) and 251 million in Gross Capital Formation (investment), 7% of the total.
The Education Account in the Basque Country includes expenditure in every educational activity, both formal and non-formal, whether carried out in educational institutions or in any other type of centre or firm.
Analysis of the data corresponding to the year 2009, for which more disaggregated data is available, shows that the majority of expenditure in educational services was by direct public funding rather than private, with a contribution of 86.7%.
Concerning the expenditure for the rest of activities (transport, canteen, residence, books and school material,..), direct private funding was greater, standing at 59.3% against a public contribution of 40.7%. In capital expenditure, direct public funding represented 73.4% of the whole, and 26.6% was private.
In terms of the functional classification, educational and training services accounted for 81.6% of the total expenditure, whereas complementary activities (transport, canteen, residence,..), accounted for 6.9% with an expenditure of 246 million. Current expenditure is completed with the accounts corresponding to books and school material, general administration of the educational system and research and educational innovation, which accounted for 1.5%, 1.1% and 0.9%, respectively. Gross capital formation accounted for 8.1% of the total.
The international comparison was carried out using two relevant indicators: the indicator of direct public and private expenditure in educational institutions in relation to the number of pupils enrolled in full-time equivalent education, measured in purchasing power standards in $, according to the definitions of the OECD, and that of total public expenditure (including family subventions) as a percentage of GDP. Both indicators offer complementary visions in relation to the compared position of the Basque Country, although the evolution of both has been positive.
The total expenditure per pupil in educational institutions for the sum of educational stages from primary to tertiary education was 12,048 ($) PPA in the Basque Country in 2009, which placed it above Spain (9,800), the OECD average (9,252), the European Union (9,122) and countries such as France (9,913) and Germany D 9,779), although below others such as Switzerland (14,176). By educational stages, the Basque Country registered an expenditure per pupil in infant Education equivalent to 7,677 ($) PPA, in primary, secondary and upper secondary Education of 10,982 ($) PPA, and in tertiary Education the expenditure per pupil was equivalent to 15,860 ($) PPA. It was above the averages of Spain, OECD and the European Union at every stage.
In relation to the indicator of total public expenditure as a percentage over GDP, in 2009 the Basque Country, with 4.9%, remained below other surrounding countries of reference, such as the OECD average (5.8%), the EU-27 (5.4%), France (5.9%) or Germany (5.1%) and practically level with Spain (5%). However, the evolution was better in the value of this indicator for the Basque Country, with the consequent decrease in differences.
Note: For more information on the Education Account, see the methodological note: Methodological note
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
Press Service: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 945 01 75 62
Further press releases on the Education Account of the Basque Country
Databank on the Education Account in the Basque Country