Press release 26.03.12


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The number of enrolments was up in the three provinces

50% of foreign students were concentrated in the three provincial capitals

There were 404,612 students enrolled at non-university level in the Basque Country during the 2010/11 academic year, 2.5% up on the previous year, according to Eustat data. Of these, 375,413 students, or 93%, were enrolled in general education, with a positive balance of 9885 new students registered, an increase of 2.1% on the previous year.

By provinces, it was in Bizkaia where the greatest increase in enrolments was registered (+2.7%), followed by Gipuzkoa (+2.3%) and, lastly, by Álava (+2.1%).

Students enrolled in the 2010-11 academic year

Regarding the preference for studying in public or private centres, it can be said that, within general education, the distribution of students was balanced at all levels, approximately 50%, except in intermediate grade Professional Training, with 60% of enrolments being in publically-run centres, and Adult Education (EPA), with 98%.

On the other hand, in Specialised Education there was a greater diversity, due in large part to there being fewer centres in this area, and the choice between public or private centres is often dependent on the subjects offered. Whilst Languages, Dance and Higher Studies in Design are courses that were taught in publically-owned centres, because they were the only centres to offer them, in the others, Music, Sports Education and Arts, in the same type of centres the proportions were 64%, 55% and 43%, respectively.

Enrolments in vocational training in the three provinces continued to rise, with an average of 4.4%

Within general education, enrolments in Vocational Training continued to rise, although to a lesser extent than in the previous year, both at intermediate level (3.6%) and higher level (5%), which accounted for a total of 11,468 and 17,401 students, respectively. It is worth pointing out in Gipuzkoa in mid-level vocational training there were 6% more students than the previous academic year, against a 2.4% rise in the other provinces, whilst the demand for higher-level vocational training was greater in Bizkaia (6.4%) and Álava (5.4%), compared to the 2.9% increase in Gipuzkoa.

On the other hand, the highest number of enrolments were at Infant and Primary level with 94,818 and 117,193, respectively, and accounted for 56% of the total enrolments in general education. For a decade they have been the only levels where, in greater or lesser numbers, there have been increases in all courses. This year the increases were 2.2% and 3.4%, respectively.

For the rest of the general education levels, there were less significant changes in the number of students compared to the previous academic year.

Regarding specialised education the increase in enrolments for language courses is particularly noteworthy, with a total of 25,211, and represented 86% of the total number of enrolments. There were 2053 more students registered in this academic year (9%). It is also worth highlighting the 48% rise in the number of young people enrolled in Sports studies, although the real number was less, amounting to 468 students.

Whilst 53% of Upper Secondary Education students were women, 60% of those enrolling in Vocational Training were men

As a whole, 51% of students in general education were men and 49% women. The percentages remained unchanged with 52% of boys and 48% of girls in Infant and compulsory education (Primary and Compulsory Secondary Education - ESO) and it is in the following education stage where this distribution alters in favour of girls in Upper Secondary Education (Baccalaureate) and for boys in Vocational Training. Thus, in the Baccalaureate, 53% of enrolments were for women against 47% for men. Vocational Training, however, continued to be male-dominated, with 60% of men against 40% of women, with this difference being greater in mid-level Vocational Training (62% against 38%), than in higher-level (59% against 41%). Both in Specialised Education and Initial Professional Qualification Programs the percentage of men (62% and 72%, respectively) was also above that of women (38% and 28%) whilst in EPA 60% of students were women.

50% of foreign students were concentrated in the three provincial capitals

In the academic year, 34,332 foreign students enrolled in Basque Country classrooms, which was 8.4% of the total. Of these, 31,562 took courses in one of the general education subjects and 2770 in specialised education.

By Province, Bizkaia had the greatest concentration of foreign students, with 51%, followed by Gipuzkoa (27%) and Araba/Álava (22%). As a significant figure, it should be emphasised that 50% of the total of foreign students were concentrated in the capitals, which were spread out as follows: Bilbao, with 22%, Vitoria-Gasteiz with 19% and lastly, Donostia-San Sebastián, with 9%.

As regards the distribution of foreign students with respect to the level of education, mention should be made of the fact that 42% of these were enrolled in compulsory education (Primary or ESO), followed by 23% in EPA and 13% in Infants. Within non-compulsory education, the percentage of foreign students was very low.

Distribution of foreign students by level (%)

Regarding the origin of these students, 45% came from America, specifically 40% from South America, followed by 28% from the African continent, 18% from Europe and, lastly, 8% from Asia.

Seven in ten students in infant education studied the D model

In the 2010/11 academic year, 17% of students chose model A with Basque as a subject, 22% chose model B and 60% took courses in the Basque language, via model D.

By education level, it was in Infant Education where the highest number of model D students were registered, standing at 73% of the total; model B was the second option with 23%, and just 4% took courses following model A. Within compulsory education as a whole, model D was also the most widely followed with 64% in Primary Education and 56% in ESO. As regards the other models, whilst model B accounted for 28% both in primary and ESO, model A represented 7% in primary and 15% in secondary education.

As far as the linguistic model within Specialised Education was concerned, 64% of students followed model A, 23% model D and 13% model B.

Within Vocational Training, despite the number of students taking courses in Basque increasing each year, model A continued to be the most in demand, with 74%; on the other hand, in the Baccalaureate, the percentages of model A and D were closer together, with 44% and 54%, respectively.

Distribution of the students by linguistic model and levels (%)

For further information: Basque Statistics Office C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Tel:+34-945-01 75 00 Fax:+34-945-01 75 01 E-mail: Contact: Mª José Triguero Triguero Tel:+34-945-01 75 46 Fax:+34-945-01 75 01 Further press releases on School Activity Statistics of the Basque Country Database on School Activity Statistics of the Basque Country

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