Press release 20/11/2018
HIGH TECHNOLOGY SCOREBOARD 2016
The contribution of the high technology sector to the economy of the Basque Country in 2016 grew in terms of employment and value added
It reached 8.8% of the total value added and 8.5% of employment
The high and medium-high technology sector in the Basque country in 2016 generated 8.8% of the total value added of the Basque economy, one tenth more than the previous year, according to Eustat data. This sector which covers all activities with a sound technological base and fast renewal of knowledge, generated 87,727 jobs, 8.5% of the total, also one tenth more than in 2015. The number of companies carrying out these activities was 4,852. They had a turnover of 19,198 million euros.
Compared with the previous tax year, the number of companies grew (65 more) and the number of people employed increased by 2,627, with an average company size in this sector of 18.1 people in 2016. As for the turnover figure, it increased by 8.5% compared to the previous year and the value added by 4.4%.
Regarding the contribution of this sector in relation to the whole of Spain, the high and medium-high technology sector in the Basque Country represented, in 2016, 5.8% of companies, 6.8% of employment, 7.7% of turnover and 8.7% of value added.
Companies in the high technology sector accounted for 47.1% of those carrying out R+D in 2016 and 73.7% of the total of internal expenditure
12.8% of companies in the high technology sector carried out R&D activities, a percentage that is far higher than the 0.9% of the total for all sectors. Furthermore, this sector, which represented just 3.2% of companies, accounted for 47.1% of those carrying out R&D and, with 716.6 million euros, it spent 73.7% of total expenditure on internal R&D in the business sector. This means that the proportion of total expenditure on this sector increased by 2.2 percentage points compared to 2015.
With regards to people working in R&D in this sector, the figure for people in full-time work in 2016 stood at 9,069 (2,758 of whom were women), and 71.8% of these positions were provided by the business sector in R&D, or 50.7% if we take into account the positions provided by all the sectors. Going into further detail with regards to employment in this sector, there were 5,767 researchers in equivalent-to-full-time positions, of which 1,770 were women.
Regarding innovation, as with R&D, there were significant differences between the total for all sectors and for the high technology sector. In 2016, 38.9% of establishments in the high technology sector were innovators compared to 11.4% of the total for all sectors. If company size is taken into account, those with 10 or more employees recorded percentages of 57.9% in the first case and 27.9% for the total number of sectors.
Regarding expenditure on innovation, high technology establishments contributed 1,300.3 million euros, 51.5% of total expenditure. Of this expenditure, 1,134.4 million corresponded to establishments of 10 or more employees, which was 53.4% of the total spent by companies of this size.
This sector allocated a greater proportion of resources towards R&D&I and e-commerce is more developed than in the average of the sectors
It was also clear that the high technology sector allocated a greater proportion of resources towards R&D&I than the other sectors upon observing the innovation and internal R&D intensity ratios, i.e. the amounts that this sector spends compared to the turnover figure. Specifically, innovation intensity in this sector was 6.05 compared to 1.57 over the economic sectors as a whole. In the case of internal R&D, the ratio was 3.66 for the high technology sector and 0.80 for the economy as a whole.
Whereas the use of ICT technology is extremely commonplace amongst the companies in this sector and e-commerce is more developed than in the total of the sectors. The establishments that made purchases via this method in the high technology sector accounted for 49.1% and those that carried out sales accounted for 13.3% compared to 24.0% and 6.5% respectively for the total of all sectors. Hence, 50.3% of high technology establishments engage in e-commerce, whereas it represents 26.0% of the total of all sectors.
On the other hand, the impact of the high technology sector on the foreign trade of goods was not particularly significant. Whilst exports accounted for 842.8 million euros out of a total of 21,615.9 million, imports stood at 825.0 million out of the 15,604.1 million of total imports, accounting for 3.9% and 5.3% respectively.
Amongst the most common products in these exchanges, Machinery and Mechanical Equipment (48.3%), Electronic Material, Radio, TV and Communications Equipment (16.2%) and Manufacture of Aircraft and Spacecraft (11.3%) stood out in exports. Of particular note in imports were Electronic Material, Radio, TV and Communications Equipment (30.8%), Machinery and Mechanical Equipment (20.4%) and Manufacture of Aircraft and Spacecraft (15.9%) and Scientific Instruments (15.7%).
The contribution of Basque companies in this sector to the total of innovative companies was greater than in Spain
Lastly, if we compare this data for the Basque Country with Spain as a whole, in companies with 10 or more employees, differences can be seen in the indicators observed. The percentage of innovating companies was 57.9% in the Basque Country and 42.2% in Spain. Innovation intensity and R&D intensity were 5.63% and 3.50% in the Basque Country, whilst in Spain as a whole they accounted for 3.37% and 1.93% respectively. Companies with 10 or more employees that have an internet connection and a web page represent 94.5% in the Basque Country and 91.7% in Spain.
The sectors that belong to high technology are those that, given their degree of complexity, require a continuous effort of research and a sound technological base. The activities included in this sector, according to the CNAE 2009, are listed on the Eustat website. Methodology file: High technology scoreboard
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
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