Press Release 29/07/2019
DEATH STATISTICS. 2018
The number of deaths in the Basque Country increased by 0.5% in 2018
The average age of people who died was 80.5, three years more than ten years ago
The number of deaths in the Basque Country was 21,745 in 2018, an increase of 0.5% compared to 2017, according to Eustat data. There were 10,879 male deaths and 10,866 female deaths. Broken down by month, January was the month with the highest number of deaths (2,395), whilst June registered the lowest number (1,552).
In 2018, 362 people over the age of 100 died, of which 85.9% were women. The number of deaths amongst centenarians has gradually increased in recent years, until reaching its maximum in 2018 (362 people), up seventeen on the figure for 2017.
The average age of people who died in 2018 was 80.5 years of age, whereas ten years before, in 2008, the figure stood at 77.4, meaning that the average age has risen by 3.1 years over the course of the last ten years.
The average age at death amongst men in 2018 was 77.4 years of age, whilst the average age amongst women stood at 83.6. In 2008, the average ages were 73.7 and 81.3, respectively. Thus, over the course of the last 10 years, the average age at death of men has increased by 3.7 years, and that of women by 2.3 years.
As regards child mortality, there were 52 deaths of children under one year of age in the Basque Country. Mortality amongst newborns, occurring within the first 28 days of life, registered 35 deaths, 3 of which were during the first 24 hours and another 20 in the first week. Within deaths amongst children below the age of 1, girls accounted for 55.7% of the total.
Population growth was negative in the three provinces
Population growth was negative, as there were 5,655 more deaths than births. There were negative balances in the three provinces: in Bizkaia there were 4,010 more deaths than births, in Gipuzkoa there were 1,565 more and in Álava 80. It should be noted that this is the first year that the population in Álava has fallen due to the population growth balance.
Almost a third of deaths were due to tumours
29.2% of the deaths that occurred in 2018 (6,360 deaths) were the result of tumours, followed by deaths resulting from diseases of the circulatory system, which accounted for 26.6% of the total (5,776 deaths) and, in third place, some way behind, were deaths resulting from respiratory diseases, which accounted for 10.7% of the total (2,330 deaths), and finally those of the nervous system, with 6.6% (1,439).
The cause of death continued to vary according to sex: amongst men, tumours caused more deaths than diseases of the circulatory system, whilst amongst women, the main cause of death was cardiovascular disease, followed by tumours.
Furthermore, the cause of death varied in accordance with age. Amongst those aged under one, the most frequent causes of death were illnesses originating in the perinatal period and congenital malformations; amongst those aged from 1 to 39, the majority of deaths were attributable to external causes, including accidents and suicides, in addition to tumours; amongst those aged between 40 and 79, tumours were the highest cause of death, whilst amongst those aged 80 years or over, it was diseases of the circulatory system.
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
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