Press release 30/07/2019


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The average expenditure per household in the Basque Country in 2018 exceeded 34,000 euros.

The largest average household expenditure was produced in municipalities of fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, 5.8% above the Basque Country average

The average household expenditure was 34,212 euros in 2018, 1.5% more than the previous year, but still did not achieve the average level of expenditure attained in the years prior to the economic crisis, which in 2007 was 34,368 euros and in 2008 was 34,672 euros, according to Eustat data.

By expenditure group, Basque homes maintained the same average household spending in 2018 on Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels, the largest category, although it was up 2.9% compared to the previous year. In second place in terms of category size, expenditure on Food and non-alcoholic beverages, maintained the same level, with a slight increase of 0.6%, with respect to 2017. Expenditure on Furniture, household articles and articles for day-to-day household maintenance registered a significant increase compared to 2017 (10.0%). In contrast, the average expenditures by household that decreased in respect of the previous year were Alcoholic beverages and tobacco (-3.6%), Restaurants and Hotels (-6.0%) and Leisure and Culture (-0.6%).


If we focus on the structure of expenditure, compared to the previous year there were still the same three main expenditure groups in the consumption structure of Basque households in 2018, capturing almost 60% of the total expenditure (57.8%) between them. Of particular note are Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels; accounting for 33.5% of total household budgets; followed by Food and non-alcoholic beverages, with 13.7%, and expenditure on Restaurants and hotels, with 10.6%. Following these were Transport (10.4%), Other goods and services (7.6%) and Leisure and culture (5.2%). In relation to 2017 it was expenditure on Restaurants and Hotels that decreased the most in the budget of Basque households, going from 11.5% to 10.6%. Spending on Housing, water, electricity and other fuels, in turn, increased by almost half a percentage point, going from accounting for 33.1% of household spending 2017 to 33.5% in 2018, all of which is in current terms.

In absolute terms, total expenditure on consumption in 2018 reached 30,980 million euros, 1.9% more than in 2017, with different trends in the various expenditure groups. Looking at the two most significant groups in terms of volume of expenditure, Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels increased by 3.2% and Food and non-alcoholic beverages registered a growth of 1.0%. Expenditure on Transport was up 1.7%, whilst Restaurants and hotels decreased by 5.6%. There was a significant rise in expenditure on Health, with an increase of 6.9% in respect of 2017. Also of note was the increase in Clothing and footwear (5.4%) and Education (4.6%).

If we look at the average household expenditure according to the level of net monthly household income in 2018, an increase in average expenditure can be observed for households with a monthly income below 2,000 euros whereas for households with income above this threshold there is a reduction in the level of expenditure. Thus, in households with a monthly income below 1,000 euros there was an average annual expenditure per household of 17,320 euros, 6.0% more. In households with a monthly income of between 1,000 and 1,999 euros, average expenditure increased by 2.4%, rising to 25,142 euros. In contrast, households with a monthly income of 3,000 euros or more had an average annual expenditure of 50,032 euros, 0.6% less than in 2017. Households with a monthly income of between 2,000 and 2,999 euros also saw average expenditure drop by 0.2% to stand at 35,091 euros.

In terms of expenditure according to the geographical location of the family, the largest average household expenditure was produced in municipalities of fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, with an expenditure of 36,180 euros per household, 5.8% above the average for the Autonomous Region. The lowest average expenditure per household (€33,181) was produced in households situated in municipalities of 100,000 or more inhabitants.

By province, families in Álava accounted for 13.8% of the total expenditure on consumption in the Basque Country in 2018, Bizkaia accounted for 53.0% of the total and Gipuzkoa 33.1%.

Note: The survey on family expenditure is carried out in collaboration with the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE) in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country.

For further information:

Euskal Estatistika-Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute C/ Donostia-San Sebastian, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz Press Service:servicioprensa@eustat.esTel: 945 01 75 62

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The average expenditure per household in the Basque Country in 2018 exceeded 34,000 euros.

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