Press Release 27/06/2019
MUNICIPAL STATISTICS ON ACTIVE POPULATION. 2018
In 2018 the employment rate increased and the unemployment rate fell in all the regions of the Basque Country compared to 2016
On a municipal level the gender gap in employment and unemployment rates reduced as the size of the municipality increased
In all the regions and in 85% of the municipalities in the Basque Country, 213 municipalities out of the 251, the employment rate of the resident population aged 16 and over in 2018 increased compared to 2016, according to Eustat data.
This increase is higher than the average in municipalities such as: Navaridas (+10.7 points), Moreda de Álava (+6 points), Lanestosa (+5.5%) and Larraul (+5.3 percentage points).
On the other hand, 21 municipalities registered an employment rate above 60%, standing out among these are Orendain (66.4%), Irura (66.3%), Larraul (66.1%) and Baliarrain (66%). In contrast, the municipalities with the lowest employment rate are Lanestosa (37.5%), Lagrán (37.6%) and Elantxobe (38%).
As regards the capitals, it is worth noting that the employment rate increased by 1.7 points in Bilbao and by 1.5 points in San Sebastián and in Vitoria-Gasteiz. Only in Bilbao (46.7%) did it not exceed the Basque Country average. The employment rate is 50.4% in San Sebastián and 52% in Vitoria-Gasteiz.
The regional analysis revealed that the employment rate increased in all the regions compared to 2016. The regions with the greatest increases, above two percentage points, were Urola-Costa (+2.5 points), Bajo Deba (+2.2) and Bajo Bidasoa (+2.1). However, the highest employment rates are found in Estribaciones del Gorbea, where six out of ten people are in work, Plentzia-Mungia (55.2%) and Urola-Costa and Tolosa with employment rates of 53.7% and 53.1%, respectively. At the opposite extreme, the regions with lower employment rates in 2018 are Gran Bilbao (47.8%), Encartaciones (47.7%) and Markina-Ondarroa (47.5%).
As regards the unemployment rate, all regions registered a decrease and the reduction varied between 4.5 percentage points (Encartaciones) and 1.4 points (Montaña Alavesa).
By municipalities, it can be observed that the greatest reductions in unemployment rates corresponded to the smallest municipalities, although the decrease in the period in question has been greater in the largest municipalities. Regarding the capitals, and in relation to 2016, the unemployment rate fell in all three capitals, although to varying degrees: In Bilbao the unemployment rate fell by 4.1 percentage points, followed by Vitoria-Gasteiz, down 3.1 points and San Sebastián, with a decrease of 2.9 points in the period..
Álava had the municipalities with a higher proportion of people employed in agriculture, industry stood out in Gipuzkoa and construction and services in Bizkaia.
By regions, it is worth highlighting the industrial specialisation of Alto Deba (39.4%) and Goierri (36.6%) and the agricultural specialisation of Rioja Alavesa (21.6%), whereas services stand out in Gran Bilbao (80.6%).
In any case, the most striking differences were at a municipal level. Thus, whilst only 3 out of 10 people worked in the services sector in Yécora/Iekora, Baños de Ebro/Mañueta and Elvillar/Bilar, this figure rose to 8 out of 10 in Bilbao, San Sebastian, Plentzia and Getxo, among others.
Municipalities in Gipuzkoa stood out for their high percentage of industrial employment, including, Oñati (46.9%), Antzuola (45.3%) and Eskoriatza (44.3%), among others, compared with municipalities in Bizkaia, including Lanestosa, Plentzia and Getxo, where only 1 out of 10 people were employed in this sector in 2018.
The vast majority of municipalities with high employment in the agricultural sector were in Álava, in particular the aforementioned Yécora/Iekora, Baños de Ebro/Mañueta and Elvillar/Bilar, where half of the population worked in this sector. Finally, in relation to the construction sector, it is possible to cite municipalities such as Beizama and Lanestosa, both with 17.2% of people employed in this sector and Gaztelu with 15.3%.
The greatest differences in employment and unemployment rates by sex were seen in the smallest municipalities
The differences in employment rates by sex varied substantially if the size of the municipality of residence was considered. Thus, in municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants the employment rate for men exceeded that of women by 9.5 points, whilst in the capitals this difference dropped to 7.9 points, the employment rate for men standing at 53.5% and the rate for women at 45.5%.
As regards the unemployment rate, the maximum differences between men and women were again found in municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants: the unemployment rate was 12.4% for women and 8.7% for men. This difference, of 3.7 points, reduces as the size of the municipality increased until dropping to 1.9 points in the capitals.
For further information:
Eustat - Euskal Estatistika Erakundea / Basque Statistics Institute
C/ Donostia-San Sebastián, 1 01010 Vitoria-Gasteiz
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